Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United Kingdom 1,142,343
2 United States 902,149
3 Australia 543,829
4 Netherlands 252,426
5 Germany 190,867
6 China 188,628
7 Canada 159,988
8 Sweden 103,746
9 Denmark 92,909
10 South Africa 77,788
11 New Zealand 72,327
12 Malaysia 67,661
13 Turkey 58,564
14 Finland 57,793
15 Italy 57,036
16 India 54,786
17 Brazil 54,695
18 France 49,017
19 Taiwan 47,676
20 Ireland 46,389

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach