Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,263,609
2 China 1,002,161
3 United Kingdom 603,876
4 Japan 487,976
5 Germany 343,676
6 Canada 327,961
7 Australia 273,055
8 South Korea 198,410
9 Netherlands 150,108
10 Brazil 149,045
11 France 148,545
12 Italy 140,658
13 Taiwan 107,719
14 Spain 102,109
15 Mexico 89,440
16 Switzerland 88,613
17 Turkey 83,050
18 Russia 72,886
19 Israel 65,236
20 Iran 64,667

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach