Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,042,666
2 China 941,049
3 United Kingdom 589,478
4 Japan 457,609
5 Canada 309,313
6 Germany 280,158
7 Australia 265,351
8 South Korea 187,821
9 Netherlands 143,202
10 France 132,659
11 Italy 123,395
12 Brazil 122,656
13 Spain 96,706
14 Taiwan 93,449
15 Turkey 85,480
16 Switzerland 84,902
17 Mexico 71,159
18 Israel 60,713
19 Sweden 55,883
20 Belgium 54,537

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach