Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,469
2 United States 1,112
3 Japan 470
4 United Kingdom 441
5 France 238
6 Taiwan 165
7 Canada 163
8 Italy 160
9 South Korea 155
10 Germany 139
11 Australia 136
12 Netherlands 128
13 Switzerland 114
14 India 111
15 Spain 105
16 Turkey 89
17 Thailand 76
18 Israel 62
19 Russia 56
20 Belgium 50

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.