Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,951,314
2 United Kingdom 1,246,507
3 Australia 741,490
4 Canada 430,778
5 China 418,889
6 Brazil 284,474
7 Germany 266,949
8 France 160,715
9 South Africa 151,053
10 Netherlands 139,148
11 India 132,938
12 New Zealand 128,017
13 Russia 127,384
14 Japan 120,484
15 Mexico 120,374
16 Spain 119,650
17 Sweden 98,978
18 Italy 74,621
19 Malaysia 68,253
20 Portugal 65,125

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach