Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 2,020,482
2 United Kingdom 1,435,273
3 Australia 783,156
4 China 480,375
5 Canada 472,197
6 Brazil 260,763
7 Germany 240,091
8 France 178,493
9 Netherlands 173,921
10 South Africa 138,679
11 New Zealand 137,055
12 Spain 133,786
13 Japan 125,199
14 India 108,303
15 Sweden 104,581
16 Mexico 92,787
17 Italy 88,899
18 Switzerland 71,872
19 Norway 71,204
20 Portugal 69,897

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach