Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 4,052,745
2 United States 3,132,249
3 Japan 1,795,356
4 South Korea 793,861
5 United Kingdom 769,294
6 Germany 538,509
7 Canada 364,982
8 Taiwan 311,822
9 Australia 301,291
10 France 283,536
11 Italy 258,512
12 India 256,345
13 Brazil 194,417
14 Netherlands 187,510
15 Switzerland 183,020
16 Spain 175,793
17 Turkey 142,353
18 Belgium 111,818
19 Mexico 111,402
20 Sweden 105,495

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach