Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,783,673
2 United Kingdom 1,265,213
3 Australia 736,815
4 Netherlands 393,514
5 Canada 320,939
6 Germany 217,737
7 China 137,997
8 Sweden 88,498
9 South Korea 80,221
10 Turkey 75,755
11 Israel 69,228
12 Spain 68,295
13 Hong Kong 65,189
14 Belgium 65,177
15 New Zealand 64,791
16 Japan 62,834
17 Switzerland 59,027
18 Italy 55,725
19 Norway 45,630
20 France 43,606

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach