Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,805,008
2 United Kingdom 1,175,836
3 Australia 720,407
4 Netherlands 373,024
5 Canada 307,059
6 Germany 219,092
7 China 126,594
8 Sweden 88,616
9 South Korea 76,836
10 New Zealand 65,731
11 Israel 65,320
12 Belgium 65,212
13 Turkey 65,197
14 Spain 62,963
15 Hong Kong 61,537
16 Japan 60,838
17 Switzerland 54,450
18 Italy 52,228
19 Norway 45,162
20 France 41,850

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach