Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 422,675
2 United Kingdom 265,546
3 Australia 133,967
4 Netherlands 104,693
5 Canada 72,025
6 Germany 67,078
7 China 56,933
8 South Korea 25,762
9 Japan 21,747
10 Turkey 21,449
11 Belgium 21,323
12 Israel 20,725
13 Spain 19,115
14 Italy 17,901
15 Switzerland 17,169
16 France 17,018
17 Sweden 16,939
18 New Zealand 13,833
19 Iran 13,359
20 Hong Kong 13,158

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach