Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 877,719
2 United Kingdom 322,035
3 Australia 237,245
4 Canada 123,394
5 Netherlands 82,007
6 Germany 60,013
7 China 50,857
8 Sweden 28,336
9 Spain 25,140
10 New Zealand 25,003
11 South Korea 24,094
12 Turkey 21,637
13 Israel 21,069
14 Japan 20,625
15 Hong Kong 19,206
16 Belgium 18,282
17 Switzerland 17,704
18 Ireland 17,212
19 Italy 16,527
20 France 15,138

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach