Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 798,750
2 United Kingdom 265,786
3 Australia 205,192
4 Canada 98,759
5 Netherlands 73,938
6 Germany 58,779
7 China 42,638
8 Sweden 27,713
9 New Zealand 24,750
10 Spain 22,407
11 South Korea 22,249
12 Japan 20,138
13 Israel 19,917
14 Turkey 18,147
15 Hong Kong 17,643
16 Belgium 17,625
17 Iran 16,932
18 Italy 16,241
19 Ireland 15,209
20 Brazil 14,822

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

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