Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,371,097
2 China 479,080
3 United Kingdom 397,722
4 Germany 380,775
5 Japan 364,748
6 India 262,152
7 Canada 194,613
8 France 151,993
9 South Korea 133,010
10 Australia 129,717
11 Italy 112,189
12 Brazil 100,789
13 Taiwan 100,652
14 Netherlands 98,421
15 Switzerland 83,643
16 Spain 79,911
17 Russia 77,826
18 Mexico 61,265
19 Poland 58,886
20 Sweden 53,659

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach