Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 2,967,723
2 United States 669,409
3 United Kingdom 203,882
4 India 181,440
5 South Korea 175,366
6 Canada 169,588
7 Australia 154,150
8 Germany 152,001
9 Japan 148,135
10 France 131,435
11 Netherlands 118,925
12 Hong Kong 102,187
13 Italy 95,835
14 Brazil 94,380
15 Taiwan 71,644
16 Iran 64,417
17 Mexico 59,364
18 Turkey 58,156
19 Singapore 57,817
20 Sweden 49,145

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach