Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,277,152
2 United States 665,713
3 United Kingdom 198,366
4 South Korea 190,846
5 India 169,446
6 Canada 162,693
7 Japan 151,624
8 Australia 143,361
9 Germany 139,071
10 Netherlands 129,912
11 France 116,270
12 Hong Kong 110,993
13 Italy 102,026
14 Brazil 84,173
15 Taiwan 63,139
16 Turkey 58,897
17 Sweden 57,623
18 Singapore 55,203
19 Iran 51,116
20 Spain 49,206

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach