Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 302,746
2 United States 239,194
3 United Kingdom 106,050
4 Germany 65,715
5 India 63,153
6 Australia 47,277
7 Canada 44,599
8 Netherlands 36,369
9 South Korea 34,329
10 Japan 31,332
11 France 30,192
12 Brazil 27,433
13 Italy 23,630
14 Taiwan 21,057
15 Turkey 21,009
16 Spain 17,845
17 Hong Kong 15,546
18 Russia 15,371
19 Malaysia 14,852
20 Belgium 13,658

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach