Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 322,572
2 United States 240,733
3 United Kingdom 112,798
4 Germany 65,020
5 India 55,257
6 Australia 47,873
7 Netherlands 41,970
8 Canada 40,860
9 South Korea 32,294
10 France 31,638
11 Japan 31,228
12 Italy 25,532
13 Brazil 24,438
14 Taiwan 19,887
15 Turkey 18,931
16 Spain 18,416
17 Hong Kong 17,490
18 Austria 14,568
19 Malaysia 13,635
20 Russia 13,390

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach