Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 629,725
2 China 387,397
3 United Kingdom 357,975
4 Australia 228,697
5 Canada 144,694
6 South Korea 100,927
7 Taiwan 98,065
8 Netherlands 94,881
9 Germany 82,000
10 India 78,956
11 Malaysia 72,998
12 Turkey 71,316
13 Japan 69,349
14 Brazil 65,107
15 Sweden 62,034
16 France 57,368
17 Thailand 54,483
18 Indonesia 54,173
19 Italy 47,214
20 Spain 36,665

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach