Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 609,222
2 China 353,036
3 United Kingdom 336,549
4 Australia 217,333
5 Canada 151,066
6 Taiwan 94,121
7 South Korea 91,473
8 India 89,679
9 Germany 86,841
10 Netherlands 86,216
11 Malaysia 80,747
12 Brazil 70,595
13 Turkey 65,241
14 Japan 63,160
15 Indonesia 59,023
16 Thailand 58,806
17 France 54,546
18 Sweden 53,581
19 Iran 51,786
20 Italy 42,943

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach