Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 481,979
2 United States 161,255
3 United Kingdom 126,935
4 India 111,512
5 Brazil 65,452
6 Australia 62,182
7 South Korea 59,813
8 France 50,446
9 Malaysia 47,157
10 Japan 45,748
11 Turkey 45,280
12 Canada 44,659
13 Taiwan 40,976
14 Germany 38,057
15 Spain 36,678
16 Italy 34,194
17 Hong Kong 33,376
18 Netherlands 31,854
19 Russia 25,791
20 Indonesia 24,763

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach