Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 540,604
2 United States 176,286
3 United Kingdom 141,745
4 India 110,457
5 Brazil 69,859
6 Australia 67,298
7 South Korea 62,598
8 Japan 52,595
9 France 51,601
10 Turkey 51,161
11 Malaysia 46,308
12 Canada 45,189
13 Germany 40,426
14 Taiwan 39,634
15 Italy 36,710
16 Spain 36,598
17 Hong Kong 34,126
18 Poland 26,673
19 Netherlands 26,553
20 Indonesia 26,453

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach