Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 619,559
2 United States 189,608
3 United Kingdom 148,919
4 India 104,385
5 South Korea 73,949
6 Brazil 70,150
7 Australia 69,522
8 Japan 59,657
9 Turkey 58,004
10 France 52,504
11 Canada 45,592
12 Malaysia 44,292
13 Taiwan 43,301
14 Germany 39,517
15 Italy 39,240
16 Hong Kong 37,720
17 Spain 37,603
18 Netherlands 29,807
19 Poland 29,226
20 Indonesia 26,515

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach