Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 753,314
2 United States 200,200
3 United Kingdom 158,900
4 India 109,714
5 South Korea 95,176
6 Australia 76,869
7 Turkey 72,959
8 Brazil 68,333
9 Japan 66,970
10 France 59,712
11 Canada 50,155
12 Taiwan 48,991
13 Italy 44,760
14 Malaysia 43,108
15 Hong Kong 42,652
16 Spain 39,522
17 Germany 38,652
18 Netherlands 35,038
19 Poland 32,163
20 Indonesia 27,476

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach