Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,821,177
2 Japan 564,944
3 China 308,543
4 Canada 214,272
5 Germany 192,144
6 South Korea 176,640
7 United Kingdom 152,667
8 Italy 149,206
9 Taiwan 122,505
10 Netherlands 121,950
11 Australia 109,553
12 Brazil 93,125
13 France 71,193
14 Spain 61,805
15 Switzerland 61,099
16 Thailand 51,862
17 Belgium 50,455
18 Turkey 50,399
19 India 45,242
20 Iran 40,901

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach