Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,811,183
2 Japan 557,446
3 China 253,856
4 South Korea 211,925
5 Canada 171,675
6 United Kingdom 149,683
7 Germany 142,038
8 Australia 130,169
9 Italy 128,705
10 Netherlands 122,815
11 Taiwan 111,394
12 Brazil 64,994
13 Switzerland 61,854
14 France 52,857
15 Turkey 48,489
16 Belgium 47,460
17 Thailand 43,757
18 Spain 42,936
19 India 41,099
20 Iran 35,383

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach