Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,813,775
2 Japan 567,806
3 China 275,758
4 Canada 193,784
5 Germany 173,833
6 South Korea 170,524
7 United Kingdom 152,138
8 Italy 139,383
9 Netherlands 128,004
10 Australia 118,940
11 Taiwan 116,683
12 Brazil 77,594
13 Switzerland 61,435
14 France 59,565
15 Spain 51,120
16 Belgium 48,382
17 Thailand 47,960
18 Turkey 47,770
19 India 39,619
20 Iran 38,815

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach