Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 246,004
2 China 176,581
3 Germany 97,022
4 Japan 72,036
5 India 57,849
6 United Kingdom 48,713
7 Brazil 46,116
8 France 35,765
9 Canada 27,721
10 Italy 22,593
11 South Korea 22,175
12 Taiwan 21,308
13 Australia 20,725
14 Switzerland 17,575
15 Mexico 17,355
16 Spain 16,654
17 Turkey 14,863
18 Netherlands 14,029
19 Russia 13,990
20 Israel 13,120

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach