Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,425,675
2 United Kingdom 876,440
3 Canada 292,452
4 Australia 262,483
5 Germany 180,593
6 China 175,113
7 Japan 141,035
8 Brazil 105,152
9 France 96,209
10 Netherlands 94,215
11 New Zealand 58,214
12 Spain 51,256
13 Switzerland 50,253
14 Sweden 48,696
15 Italy 42,940
16 India 42,052
17 Mexico 38,975
18 South Africa 37,301
19 Thailand 37,010
20 Belgium 33,756

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach