Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 3,192,767
2 United States 1,342,958
3 Brazil 389,472
4 United Kingdom 386,125
5 South Korea 324,974
6 Germany 308,591
7 India 290,065
8 Japan 289,219
9 Spain 272,358
10 Taiwan 268,412
11 Canada 247,366
12 France 215,664
13 Thailand 214,630
14 Turkey 209,106
15 Australia 199,759
16 Italy 191,913
17 Russia 177,242
18 Iran 123,941
19 Poland 120,346
20 Netherlands 117,487

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach