Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 820,516
2 China 296,482
3 Japan 198,740
4 United Kingdom 177,454
5 South Korea 175,668
6 Australia 133,896
7 Switzerland 113,594
8 Germany 92,487
9 Canada 78,021
10 Taiwan 57,326
11 Italy 57,110
12 Spain 53,896
13 Turkey 52,625
14 Netherlands 49,609
15 France 42,880
16 Thailand 39,900
17 India 36,402
18 Hong Kong 30,676
19 Brazil 30,412
20 Iran 28,598

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach