Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 844,200
2 China 293,354
3 Japan 202,560
4 United Kingdom 177,785
5 South Korea 162,901
6 Australia 129,900
7 Switzerland 125,854
8 Canada 119,044
9 Germany 103,155
10 Italy 69,664
11 Turkey 58,919
12 Taiwan 58,886
13 Spain 58,114
14 Netherlands 52,267
15 France 46,543
16 India 44,555
17 Thailand 43,968
18 Brazil 38,670
19 Iran 33,692
20 Hong Kong 29,790

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach