Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,079,298
2 China 249,565
3 United Kingdom 247,930
4 Germany 156,357
5 Australia 154,432
6 Japan 143,915
7 Canada 126,637
8 Netherlands 91,780
9 Italy 72,522
10 South Korea 72,337
11 France 62,656
12 Switzerland 60,112
13 Taiwan 49,963
14 Brazil 49,747
15 Thailand 42,102
16 Spain 38,410
17 Sweden 34,875
18 Turkey 34,011
19 Denmark 33,537
20 Iran 28,297

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach