Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,009,467
2 United Kingdom 555,282
3 Australia 352,611
4 China 288,004
5 Germany 227,563
6 Netherlands 199,572
7 Canada 139,575
8 Malaysia 106,527
9 South Korea 103,952
10 South Africa 96,346
11 Taiwan 84,540
12 Turkey 81,525
13 Hong Kong 72,404
14 Indonesia 66,243
15 Switzerland 58,873
16 Belgium 57,810
17 India 51,076
18 Sweden 43,405
19 Israel 42,974
20 France 41,865

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach