Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,059,854
2 United Kingdom 579,669
3 Australia 372,375
4 China 317,610
5 Germany 221,948
6 Netherlands 207,054
7 Canada 144,314
8 South Korea 110,021
9 Malaysia 101,404
10 South Africa 90,567
11 Turkey 88,310
12 Taiwan 82,252
13 Hong Kong 70,776
14 Indonesia 67,764
15 Belgium 60,962
16 Switzerland 59,982
17 India 50,787
18 Sweden 43,267
19 New Zealand 41,330
20 Israel 40,998

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach