Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 1,081,402
2 United Kingdom 604,921
3 Australia 400,297
4 China 336,570
5 Netherlands 229,366
6 Germany 209,794
7 Canada 153,698
8 South Korea 115,262
9 Turkey 96,238
10 Malaysia 91,524
11 South Africa 88,537
12 Taiwan 83,376
13 Hong Kong 74,783
14 Indonesia 68,042
15 Belgium 65,841
16 Switzerland 63,186
17 India 53,313
18 Sweden 44,440
19 New Zealand 43,455
20 France 42,605

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach