Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 657,651
2 United States 404,080
3 United Kingdom 162,325
4 India 132,227
5 Japan 105,405
6 Germany 105,197
7 South Korea 101,613
8 Brazil 85,004
9 Canada 82,112
10 France 76,781
11 Australia 73,834
12 Netherlands 54,341
13 Turkey 53,538
14 Taiwan 52,799
15 Spain 48,244
16 Russia 47,334
17 Italy 42,747
18 Malaysia 40,276
19 Mexico 37,470
20 Poland 36,694

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach