Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 China 790,800
2 United States 412,393
3 United Kingdom 169,571
4 India 131,239
5 South Korea 118,849
6 Japan 112,046
7 Germany 97,932
8 Brazil 90,500
9 Canada 86,937
10 France 81,223
11 Australia 77,961
12 Turkey 61,577
13 Netherlands 58,828
14 Taiwan 58,695
15 Spain 53,085
16 Italy 48,783
17 Russia 45,257
18 Malaysia 40,727
19 Switzerland 40,452
20 Poland 39,603

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach