Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 298,021
2 Brazil 198,788
3 China 184,978
4 United Kingdom 153,234
5 Thailand 102,740
6 Australia 60,063
7 France 48,089
8 Russia 46,337
9 Iran 45,938
10 Colombia 42,213
11 Spain 41,873
12 Mexico 39,806
13 Canada 38,715
14 Japan 36,568
15 Turkey 35,998
16 Malaysia 34,266
17 India 33,008
18 Italy 31,599
19 South Africa 29,214
20 South Korea 27,836

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach