Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country/region level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries/ Regions Downloads
1 United States 377,155
2 United Kingdom 298,609
3 China 131,617
4 Australia 119,101
5 Germany 107,108
6 Netherlands 81,724
7 Canada 79,060
8 Japan 44,326
9 France 33,861
10 Italy 28,713
11 South Korea 23,297
12 Switzerland 23,008
13 Israel 22,835
14 Belgium 20,743
15 New Zealand 19,873
16 Taiwan 18,817
17 Turkey 18,392
18 Spain 18,260
19 Colombia 14,069
20 Sweden 13,969

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country/region.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries/regions for this journal.

other metrics in reach