Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 455,301
2 United States 318,976
3 India 128,449
4 South Korea 91,269
5 United Kingdom 51,986
6 Taiwan 45,125
7 Japan 40,782
8 Germany 37,946
9 Canada 27,769
10 Australia 27,213
11 France 26,644
12 Italy 24,123
13 Spain 22,657
14 Brazil 22,533
15 Iran 22,461
16 Singapore 21,998
17 Turkey 19,668
18 Mexico 16,572
19 Malaysia 13,527
20 Netherlands 13,421

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach