Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 391,553
2 United States 265,088
3 India 100,512
4 South Korea 89,919
5 United Kingdom 47,236
6 Taiwan 45,010
7 Japan 38,274
8 Germany 34,400
9 Iran 28,596
10 France 27,222
11 Canada 25,849
12 Australia 24,104
13 Spain 22,698
14 Italy 21,980
15 Singapore 21,397
16 Brazil 18,687
17 Turkey 17,702
18 Mexico 14,961
19 Malaysia 13,781
20 Netherlands 11,983

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach