Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 227,851
2 United States 168,249
3 India 111,826
4 United Kingdom 65,317
5 Germany 61,682
6 France 57,979
7 Italy 56,435
8 Australia 48,771
9 Brazil 47,028
10 Canada 43,697
11 Netherlands 34,305
12 Spain 31,826
13 Thailand 27,236
14 Iran 26,044
15 Russia 25,465
16 Japan 22,997
17 Argentina 19,569
18 Turkey 19,021
19 Pakistan 19,017
20 South Africa 17,023

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach