Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 United States 22,084
2 India 2,212
3 China 486
4 United Kingdom 178
5 Brazil 172
6 Russia 165
7 Thailand 162
8 Iran 150
9 Malaysia 148
10 Japan 131
11 Switzerland 113
12 Taiwan 112
13 Indonesia 104
14 Spain 103
15 Australia 94
16 South Korea 91
17 Turkey 90
18 Canada 80
19 Germany 70
20 France 67

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach