Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 285,080
2 India 161,320
3 United States 124,568
4 United Kingdom 67,998
5 Turkey 42,970
6 Iran 34,895
7 Australia 34,482
8 Malaysia 33,725
9 Germany 31,631
10 South Korea 31,192
11 Brazil 30,775
12 Taiwan 29,415
13 Canada 26,198
14 France 22,835
15 Italy 21,281
16 Russia 20,274
17 Netherlands 17,806
18 Spain 17,599
19 Thailand 17,188
20 Singapore 17,038

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach