Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 United States 186,635
2 China 126,062
3 Germany 106,855
4 Japan 102,877
5 India 45,796
6 France 37,514
7 Taiwan 33,652
8 United Kingdom 32,416
9 South Korea 31,816
10 Brazil 25,169
11 Italy 21,851
12 Russia 21,662
13 Canada 20,356
14 Sweden 19,469
15 Switzerland 16,561
16 Australia 13,555
17 Spain 12,852
18 Mexico 9,387
19 Netherlands 8,996
20 Poland 8,416

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach