Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 477,466
2 United States 293,529
3 India 200,523
4 United Kingdom 126,126
5 Italy 107,224
6 France 90,286
7 Germany 80,360
8 Japan 75,488
9 South Korea 60,492
10 Taiwan 54,982
11 Canada 47,715
12 Brazil 42,789
13 Iran 41,261
14 Russia 40,342
15 Australia 37,687
16 Turkey 37,093
17 Netherlands 30,660
18 Malaysia 29,259
19 Spain 26,619
20 Norway 18,219

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach