Downloads

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About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 China 3,787,615
2 United States 2,162,749
3 India 650,419
4 United Kingdom 604,623
5 Australia 513,979
6 South Korea 474,775
7 Canada 456,925
8 Brazil 444,531
9 Germany 440,964
10 Japan 409,523
11 France 333,725
12 Spain 316,235
13 Netherlands 313,874
14 Malaysia 287,356
15 Thailand 274,778
16 Taiwan 271,620
17 Turkey 247,536
18 Russia 205,573
19 Iran 205,349
20 Italy 202,293

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach