Downloads

  • 1 100
    #1
  • 0

About Downloads

Indication of worldwide usage for this journal at the country level over the last five years (as available).

Metrics

Top Countries Downloads
1 United States 1,880,576
2 United Kingdom 834,579
3 Australia 320,555
4 Canada 288,163
5 Germany 221,861
6 China 196,279
7 India 165,536
8 Japan 146,191
9 Brazil 137,408
10 France 122,326
11 Netherlands 88,674
12 Spain 67,263
13 New Zealand 61,082
14 Sweden 58,808
15 Taiwan 54,627
16 Switzerland 51,593
17 Thailand 48,332
18 Mexico 47,323
19 South Africa 40,909
20 Belgium 39,232

Definition

Downloads

The number of full-text articles downloaded from ScienceDirect for this journal in the last five full calendar years is displayed by country.

The numbers are based on COUNTER-compliant parameters, including all types of access, but excluding robot usage and other artificial traffic.

We intend to give you a feeling for the spread of global readership and the relationships between countries for this journal.

other metrics in reach